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Leadership Styles Questionnaire

The following statements will help you assess your leadership style tendency.  As you read each statement, try to think of typical situations and how you usually react.

Please use the following marking scale:

  1. to almost no extent
  2. to a slight extent
  3. to a moderate extent
  4. to a great extent
  5. to a very great extent

Try to answer the questions fairly quickly, without rushing your response.

  1. I check staff’s work on a regular basis to assess their progress and learning.
  1. I hold periodic meetings to show support for company policy and mission.
  1. I appoint staff into task groups to action policies affecting them.
  1. I provide staff with clear responsibilities and allow them to decide how to accomplish them.
  1. I make sure staff are aware of, and understand, all company policies and procedures.
  1. I recognise staff’s achievements with encouragement and support.
  1. I discuss any organisational or policy changes with staff prior to taking action.
  1. I discuss the organisation’s strategic mission with staff.
  1. I demonstrate each task involved in doing the job.
  1. I meet with staff regularly to discuss their needs.

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

  1. I avoid making judgements or premature evaluation of ideas or suggestions.
  1. I ask staff to think ahead and develop long-term plans for their areas.
  1. I set down performance standards for each aspect of my staff’s job.
  1. I explain the benefits of achieving their work goals to staff.
  1. I rotate the role of team briefer among the staff.
  1. I emphasise the importance of quality but I allow my staff to establish the control standards.
  1. I have staff report back to me after completing each step of their work.
  1. I hold regular meetings to discuss work status.
  1. I provide staff with the time and resources to pursue their own developmental objectives.
  1. I expect staff to create their own goals and objectives and submit them to me in finished form.
  1. I try to assign work in small, easily controlled units.
  1. I focus on opportunities and not problems.
  1. I avoid evaluating problems and concerns as they are discussed.
  1. I ensure that information systems are timely and accurate and that information is fed directly to staff.

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

1     2     3     4     5

Leadership Styles Score Sheet

In order to score the questionnaire, you have to group your responses into four categories in the grid below.

Step One

Look at the grid below.  It is divided into four sections.  Each section lists the statement numbers from the questionnaire.

Step Two

For each statement number, transfer the number you circled into the box.

For example if you circled 4 for statement 11, you would put 4 in the top left-hand box (next statement number).

Step Three

To calculate the total score for each section, add all the individual statement scores for each section together.

Statement Number

3

7

11

15

19

23

Statement Number

2

6

10

14

18

22

Statement Number

4

8

12

16

20

24

Statement Number

1

5

9

13

17

21

Step Four

Take your total scores from each box from step three and transfer them into the corresponding boxes.

Facilitating

Total=

 

Coaching

Total=

 

Delegating

 

 

 

 

Total=

 

Directing

Total=

You may now find it useful to plot your scores on the following bar graph.

Score

30

25
20
15
10
5
0

Directing           Coaching                   Facilitating    Delegating

Leaderships Styles Descriptions

 

Directing

  • Provide detailed instructions
  • Give staff specific goals and objectives
  • Check frequently with staff to keep them on track
  • Demonstrate the steps involved in doing the job

 

 

Coaching

  • Represents management’s position in a convincing manner
  • Try to motivate with monetary and non-monetary rewards
  • Sell staff in their own ability to do the job
  • Praise staff for their good work
  • Provide staff with a lot of feedback on how they are doing

 

 

Facilitating

  • Involve staff in making the decisions which will affect their work
  • Make staff feel free to ask questions and discuss important concerns
  • Hold frequent tam of staff meetings
  • Help staff locate and support their own developmental activities
  • Listens to staff problems and concerns without criticising or judging

 

 

Delegating

  • Delegate broad responsibilities to staff and expect them to handle the details.
  • Expect staff to find and correct their own errors

S1: Telling / Directing

Follower: R1: Low competence, low commitment / Unable and unwilling or insecure

Leader: High task focus, low relationship focus

When the follower cannot do the job and is unwilling or afraid to try, then the leader takes a highly directive role, telling them what to do but without a great deal of concern for the relationship. The leader may also provide a working structure, both for the job and in terms of how the person is controlled.

The leader may first find out why the person is not motivated and if there are any limitations in ability. These two factors may be linked, for example where a person believes they are less capable than they should be may be in some form of denial or other coping. They follower may also lack self-confidence as a result.

If the leader focused more on the relationship, the follower may become confused about what must be done and what is optional. The leader thus maintains a clear ‘do this’ position to ensure all required actions are clear.

S2: Selling / Coaching

Follower: R2: Some competence, variable commitment / Unable but willing or motivated

Leader: High task focus, high relationship focus

When the follower can do the job, at least to some extent, and perhaps is over-confident about their ability in this, then ‘telling’ them what to do may de-motivate them or lead to resistance. The leader thus needs to ‘sell’ another way of working, explaining and clarifying decisions.

The leader thus spends time listening and advising and, where appropriate, helping the follower to gain necessary skills through coaching methods.

Note: S1 and S2 are leader-driven.

S3: Participating / Supporting

Follower: R3: High competence, variable commitment / Able but unwilling or insecure

Leader: Low task focus, high relationship focus

When the follower can do the job, but is refusing to do it or otherwise showing insufficient commitment, the leader need not worry about showing them what to do, and instead is concerned with finding out why the person is refusing and thence persuading them to cooperate.

There is less excuse here for followers to be reticent about their ability, and the key is very much around motivation. If the causes are found then they can be addressed by the leader. The leader thus spends time listening, praising and otherwise making the follower feel good when they show the necessary commitment.

S4: Delegating / Observing

Follower: R4: High competence, high commitment / Able and willing or motivated

Leader: Low task focus, low relationship focus

When the follower can do the job and is motivated to do it, then the leader can basically leave them to it, largely trusting them to get on with the job although they also may need to keep a relatively distant eye on things to ensure everything is going to plan.

Followers at this level have less need for support or frequent praise, although as with anyone, occasional recognition is always welcome.

Note: S3 and S4 are follower-led.

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